How can I prevent altitude sickness?
Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS) happens while trekking at high altitudes (3000+ meters). If you feel any symptoms of AMS, you should descend to lower elevation as quickly as possible.
Tips for Avoiding AMS
- Drink lots of water (more than 6 liters per day). Your body is working harder and using more water through respiration at a higher altitude, so it’s crucial to consume several liters more than you normal would.
- Climb high, sleep low. To get your body well-acclimatized, it is best to hike to a high point, and then descend before you sleep.
- Only ascend a maximum of 500 meters per day. If you are in a high-altitude area, and you ascend more than 500 meters in a single day, your risk of AMS is greatly increased. Also, if you ascend 1,000 meters in a day, take an extra day there to acclimatize.
- Eat food high in carbohydrates. Long-lasting energy keeps your body healthy. More calories are required while trekking in high altitude due to the fact that your body is exerting more energy.
- Avoid alcohol, cigarettes and coffee. Each of these contribute to a higher likelihood of contracting Acute Mountain Sickness and should be avoided. Symptoms of AMS If you experience any of these symptoms, let you guide know as soon as possible so you can
- Nausea, vomiting
- Loss of appetite
- Persistent headache
- Breathlessness/irregular breathing
- Swelling of hands and face
- Reduced urine output