Best Base Camp Treks in Nepal, 2024/2025 - EBC & ABC Treks Guide

  • Jun 21, 2024
  • Ashmita Trek & Tours

Nepal is a paradise for adventure seekers and nature lovers, with its stunning mountain landscapes and rich cultural heritage. Whether you opt for a base camp trek in Nepal or do a circuit trek, the experience is undeniably incredible. One of the best ways to experience the mountains of Nepal is through a base camp trek, which takes you deep into the heart of the Himalayas to the foot of some of the world's highest peaks.

There are many base camp treks in Nepal to choose from, each with its own unique appeal and challenges. Whether you're an experienced trekker or a beginner, there's a base camp trek in Nepal that will suit your preferences and fitness level. 

From the famous Everest Base Camp trek to the lesser-known but equally spectacular Annapurna Base Camp trek, each trek offers breathtaking views of towering Himalayan mountains, lush valleys, and lovely villages. Along the way, you'll have the opportunity to immerse yourself in Nepalese culture, interact with locals, and come across a wide flora and fauna. 

If you're looking for an adventure that combines stunning scenery, cultural immersion, and physical challenge, then a base camp trek in Nepal is the perfect choice. In this article, we'll talk about the two best base camp treks in Nepal- the Everest base camp trek and the Annapurna base camp trek.

Table of Contents

Everest Base Camp Trek

The Everest Base Camp trek is a challenging and rewarding trek in Nepal that offers an unforgettable experience for trekkers. The trek takes you through the high-altitude terrain of the Himalayas, where you can witness stunning mountain views, glaciers, and rocky terrain. The trekking route winds inside the Sagarmatha National Park where you will also come across a wide range of flora and fauna. 

The Everest base camp trekking route starts from the town of Lukla and passes through several traditional Sherpa villages, including Namche Bazaar, Tengboche, Dingboche, Lobuche, and Gorak Shep, before finally reaching the base camp of Mount Everest (8,849 m/29,032 ft), the highest mountain in the world. We have ample acclimatization days in our itinerary and exciting side hikes too. 

The Everest Base Camp trek offers trekkers the opportunity to experience the unique culture of the Sherpa people, who are the indigenous people of the region. The Sherpa people are known for their mountaineering skills and their hospitality towards trekkers. Along the trekking route, you will come across ancient monasteries, chortens, and prayer flags that reflect the Sherpa culture and beliefs.

The EBC trek offers breathtaking views of the world's highest peaks, including Mount Everest (8,849 m/29,032 ft), Lhotse (8,516 m/27,940 ft), Nuptse (7,861 m/25,791 ft), and Ama Dablam (6812 m/22,349 ft). The view of the Khumbu Icefall, which is a section of the glacier that flows from the western side of Mount Everest, is particularly impressive from the base camp. The landscape changes from lush green valleys and hills to rocky hills and moraines.

Day-by-day itinerary

Day 01: Arrival in Kathmandu

Day 02: Pre-trip meeting and guided sightseeing tour of Kathmandu Valley

Day 03: Flight from Kathmandu to Lukla airport (2,846 m/9,337 ft) and trek to Phakding (2,610 m/8,563 ft)- 6.2 km/3.8 miles & 35 minutes flight & 3 hours trek

Day 04: Trek from Phakding to Namche Bazaar (3,440 m/11,290 ft)- 7.4 km/4.6 miles & 6 hours trek

Day 05: Acclimatization in Namche Bazaar: hike to Syangboche Airstrip (3,748 m/12,297 ft) and Everest View Hotel (3,962 m/13,000 ft)

Day 06: Trek from Namche Bazaar to Tengboche Monastery (3,860 m/12,660 ft)- 9.2 km/5.7 miles & 5 hours trek

Day 07: Trek from Tengboche to Dingboche (4,410 m/14,470 ft)- 12 km/7.45 miles & 5 hours trek

Day 08: Acclimatization in Dingboche; hike to Nagarjuna Hill (5,100 m/16,732 ft)

Day 09: Trek from Dingboche to Lobuche (4,940 m/16,210 ft)- 8.5 km/5.2 miles & 5-6 hours trek

Day 10: Trek from Lobuche to Everest Base Camp (5,364 m/17,598 ft) via Gorak Shep (5,164 m/16,942 ft) and back to Gorak Shep for a night's stay- 15 km/9.32 miles & 8 hours trek

Day 11: Hike to Kala Patthar (5,644 m/18,519 ft) early in the morning and trek down to Pheriche (4,371 m/14,340 ft)- 9.6 km/6 miles & 6 hours trek

Day 12: Trek from Pheriche to Namche Bazaar (3,440 m/11,290 ft)- 17.7 km/10.9 miles & 7-8 hours trek

Day 13: Trek Namche Bazaar to Lukla (2,846 m/9,337 ft)- 13.6 km/8.3 miles & 8 hours trek

Day 14: Morning flight back to Kathmandu (1,400 m/4,600 ft( from Lukla airport & farewell dinner in the late evening- 35 minutes flight

Day 15: Leisure day in Kathmandu and farewell dinner in the late evening

Day 16: Final departure

Accommodation and food

The accommodation options on the Everest Base Camp trek are varied, ranging from basic tea houses to more luxurious lodges. Tea houses are simple guest houses that offer basic amenities such as a bed, blankets, and shared bathroom facilities. Some tea houses also have small restaurants that serve hot meals and drinks.

As you ascend higher, the tea houses become more basic, and you may need to share a room with other trekkers. If you prefer more comfort and privacy, there are also luxury lodges that offer private rooms, hot showers, and other amenities.

The food on the Everest Base Camp trek is typically simple but nourishing. Most tea houses and lodges offer a set menu that includes Nepali and Western dishes. The most common meal is Dal Bhat, a traditional Nepali dish that consists of rice, lentil soup, and vegetables. 

Other popular dishes include momos, noodle soup, and fried rice. At higher elevations, fresh produce and meat become scarcer, and the menu options become more limited. Boiled drinking water is available in all places. You can use water purification tablets for double safety.

Trekking alone

Trekking alone to Everest base camp is not allowed anymore. Due to recent accidents among solo travelers, the Nepal government has issued no solo trekking policy. It means you either have to hire an independent licensed guide or trek with a company like ours.

Tips for a successful Everest Base Camp trek

  • Train beforehand: Work on your stamina and endurance. Activities like cycling, running, hiking, swimming, jogging, etc, are recommended.
  • Acclimatize properly: Our 16 days EBC trek itinerary has ample acclimatization days. 
  • Hire a local guide: We provide friendly, experienced & English-speaking guides and porters to our guests. 
  • Pack smartly: Pack essential items and do not forget little things. We will give you a packing checklist for the EBC trek. 
  • Stay hydrated: Drink plenty of water and other fluids to stay hydrated throughout the trek and avoid altitude sickness. 
  • Bring snacks: Bring high-energy snacks such as nuts, chocolates, and energy bars to keep your energy levels up.
  • Respect the local culture: Dress modestly, and be mindful of local customs and traditions.
  • Stay connected: Bring a portable solar charger to stay connected with your loved ones and to call for help in case of an emergency.
  • Be prepared for weather changes: The weather in the Everest region can be unpredictable. Bring layers of clothing to adjust to changing weather conditions.
  • Enjoy the journey: The Everest Base Camp trek is a once-in-a-lifetime experience. Take time to enjoy the stunning mountain views, meet new people, and make memories that will last a lifetime.

Annapurna Base Camp Trek

Annapurna Base Camp trek is an unforgettable experience that offers breathtaking views of the Himalayas and a chance to immerse oneself in the local mountain culture. It is an epic journey to the lap of the tenth-highest mountain in the world, Mt. Annapurna (8,091 m/26,545 ft). The trek begins in the lush forests of the lower Annapurna region and gradually ascends through picturesque villages, terraced fields, and rocky terrain.

As the Annapurna base camp trek progresses, the scenery changes dramatically, with the towering snow-capped mountains like Annapurna I (8,091 m/26,545 ft), Annapurna South (7,219 m/23,684 ft), Dhaulagiri (8,167 m/26,795 ft), Nilgiri (7,061 m/23,166 ft), Hiunchuli (6,441 m/21,132 ft), Machhapuchhre (6,993 m/22,943 ft), etc dominating the horizon. The trail winds through rhododendron forests, across suspension bridges over deep river valleys, and past cascading waterfalls.

The final stretch of the trek is an ascent to Annapurna Base Camp, situated at an altitude of 4,130 meters (13,550 feet). The view from the base camp is awe-inspiring, with 360-degree panoramas of snow-capped mountains and glaciers. And unlike the Everest base camp trek, you will get to spend the night at the Annapurna base camp. 

The terrain is challenging at times, with steep inclines and rocky paths, but the effort is well worth it for the unforgettable views and cultural experience. Along the way, trekkers can interact with locals, taste delicious Nepalese cuisine, and learn about the traditions and way of life of the communities (Gurung and Magar) that call the region home.

Day-by-day itinerary

Day 01:Pick up from Tribhuvan International Airport in Kathmandu and transfer to hotel

Day 02:Kathmandu sightseeing tour and trek preparation.

Day 03:Drive to Pokhara by tourist bus- 205 km/127 miles & 6/7 hours dirve

Day 04: Drive from Pokhara to Nayapul (1,070 m) and trek to Ulleri (1,960 m/5,430 ft) via Tikhedhunga- 7 km/4.34 miles & 1.5/2 hours drive & 3/4 hours trek

Day 05:Trek from Ulleri to Ghorepani (2,860 m/9,385 ft)- 11 km/6 miles & 3/4 hours trek

Day 06: Early morning hike to Poon Hill viewpoint (3,210 m/10,525 ft), then trek to Tadapani (2,630 m/8,630 ft)- 11.50 km/7.1 miles & 5-6 hours trek

Day 07: Trek from Tadapani to Chomrong (2,165 m/7,105 ft)- 10 km/6.2 miles & 6 hours trek

Day 08: Trek from Chhomrong to Bamboo (2,310 m/7,578 ft)- 11 km/6.8 miles & 5/6 hours trek

Day 09: Bamboo to Deurali (3,230 m/10,597 ft)- 10 km/6.2 miles & 5 hours trek

Day 10: Trek from Deurali to Annapurna Base Camp (4,130 m/13,550 ft) via Machapuchare Base Camp- 7.7 km/4.7 miles & 5 hours trek

Day 11: Trek from Annapurna Base Camp to Bamboo (2,310 m/7,578 ft)- 14 km/8.6 miles & 6 hours trek

Day 12: Trek from Bamboo to Jhinu Danda (1,780 m/6,393 ft)- 8.5 km/5.2 miles & 3/4 hours trek

Day 13: Trek to Siwa/Ghandruk Phedi (1,150 m/3,770 ft) and drive to Pokhara (820 m) via Nayapul- 4 km/2.4 miles & 1.5/2 hours drive & 3 hours trek

Day 14: Drive from Pokhara to Kathmandu- 205 km/127 miles & 6/7 hours drive

Day 15:Final departure

Accommodation & Food

The Annapurna Base Camp trekking route has a range of accommodation options, from basic teahouses to comfortable lodges. Teahouses have basic amenities such as a bed, blankets, and shared bathroom facilities. 

The lodges offer more comfortable and spacious rooms with attached bathrooms, hot showers, and even Wi-Fi. However, the facilities and comfort levels can vary widely from one lodge to another, so it's important to have realistic expectations.

The local cuisine in the Annapurna region is diverse and delicious. The staple food of the region is dal bhat, momo, noodles, thukpa, etc. Other popular dishes include various curries, soups, roti, porridge, pasta, thenduk, burger, etc. Many teahouses and lodges also offer bakery items, snacks, and a range of drinks. 

The further you go up the trail, the more expensive and limited the food options become. This is because all food and supplies have to be carried up the mountain by porters or mules. As a result, the cost of food also increases as you go higher up the mountain.

Trekking alone

As per the recent change in trekking policy in Nepal, solo travelers cannot obtain a TIMS card on their own, which is an important permit for the Annapurna base camp trek. Solo trekkers have to hire an independent licensed guide or trek with a company like us to get all the required permits.

Tips for a successful Annapurna Base Camp trek

  • Plan your trekking route and itinerary ahead of time. Have 3 to 4 weeks of preparation time to build your stamina and endurance for the trek.
  • Make sure you have the appropriate gear and equipment. You can buy or rent most of the gear in Thamel, Kathmandu. 
  • Stay hydrated and take care of your physical health. Do not rush or drink alcoholic drinks. 
  • Respect the local culture and customs. Dress modestly and feel free to interact with the locals, as they are very friendly and welcoming.
  • Hire a guide: We provide a knowledgeable and experienced guide to assist you during the trek. 
  • Carry enough cash as there is no ATM on the trekking route. You will need additional money to buy services that are not included in the package cost. 
  • Do not touch any flowers or plants randomly along the trail. 
  • Be aware of weather conditions and adjust your plans accordingly.
  • Pack light and bring essential items only.
  • Enjoy the stunning scenery and take breaks when needed.

Comparison between Everest Base Camp Trek and Annapurna Base Camp Trek

I. Differences in terrain and landscape 

The terrain and landscape of these two treks are quite different. The Everest Base Camp trek takes through the high-altitude terrain of the eastern Himalayas in Nepal, where they can experience snow-capped peaks, glaciers, and rocky trekking routes. The elevation goes above 5,000 meters during the EBC trek.

The Annapurna Base Camp trek, on the other hand, takes trekkers through the lush forests, terraced fields, and traditional villages of the Annapurna region. Trekkers can enjoy stunning mountain views and witness the cultural richness of the region as they trek. The ascends and descends are much more frequent and long.

II. Cultural Diversity 

The two treks offer different cultural experiences. The Everest Base Camp trail offers Sherpa villages, where they can experience the unique Sherpa culture and lifestyle. The Annapurna Base Camp trail takes trekkers through the Gurung and Magar villages, where they can witness the cultural diversity of the region. Trekkers can also experience the traditional way of life of the people living in the region.

III. Crowd and Popularity 

The Everest Base Camp trek is more popular than the Annapurna Base Camp trek and attracts a higher number of tourists. This has led to more crowded trails and a more commercialized trekking experience. The Annapurna Base Camp trek is a bit less crowded and offers a more authentic trekking experience.

IV. Cost Comparison 

The cost of both treks is similar, but the Everest Base Camp trek can be slightly more expensive due to the higher demand and the need for more expensive gear. Both treks require guides, porters, permits, accommodation, food, and transportation, which make up the majority of the cost. The Everest base camp trek starts anywhere around USD 900 to USD 1,200. Whereas the Annapurna base camp starts at USD 700 to USD 1,100.

V. Difficulty Level Comparison 

Both the EBC trek and ABC trek are known as moderate to difficult treks in Nepal. However, given the high altitude and steep terrain of the Everest base camp trek, it is a bit more challenging than the Annapurna base camp trek. Trekkers need to be healthy and fit to join either trek. Both treks require 5 to 6 hours of walking on average each day. A beginner trekker can do both treks. 

VI. Comparison of Accommodation and Food 

Both treks offer similar accommodation options, including tea houses and lodges. The accommodation is basic but comfortable, with shared bathrooms and a variety of Nepali, Indian, and Western dishes available. The Everest Base Camp trek route has slightly better accommodation facilities, including luxury lodges because of the higher demand.

Other Base Camp Treks in Nepal

Nepal is home to numerous high mountains ranging from 6000 meters to 8000 meters and above. Apart from the most famous Everest base camp trek and Annapurna base camp treks, the country boasts some other incredible base camp treks, which are not much more remote and not crowded at all. Below are some of the other base camp treks in Nepal. 

  • Kanchenjunga Base Camp Trek
  • Makalu Base Camp Trek
  • Ama Dablam Base Camp Trek
  • Manaslu Base Camp Trek
  • Dhaulagiri Base Camp Trek

*Note: These base camp treks are very challenging and only recommended to travelers with previous trekking experience. Ama Dablam base camp trek is a bit doable, and prior trekking experience is not needed.


In conclusion, Nepal offers some of the best base camp treks in the world, and the Everest Base Camp Trek and the Annapurna Base Camp Trek are must-do for any trekking enthusiast. The natural beauty and cultural richness of these treks make them a once-in-a-lifetime experience.

Both treks require trekkers to be physically and mentally prepared, and proper precautions are needed to prevent altitude sickness. The best time to visit these treks is during the autumn (September to November) and spring (March to May) seasons. We, Ashmita Trek & Tours, have been organizing EBC and ABC treks in Nepal for many years.

Join our Everest base camp trek 2024/2025 and Annapurna base camp trek 2024/2025 departures for a smooth and hassle-free trek in Nepal. We also customize the treks as per our guest's requirements and budgets, so feel free to get in touch with us at [email protected] or +91 9733106312.

Additional Tips

If you're planning to trek in Nepal, it's important to pack warm clothes, comfortable trekking boots, and a good quality sleeping bag. Hiring a local guide is also recommended, as they can provide valuable insights and help you navigate through the trails. 

Make sure to carry additional Nepali cash with you during trekking because you may have to pay extra money for services like WiFi, charging, hot shower, etc, which are not covered in the package cost. And the locals do not accept foreign currency or any card payment. 

Respect the local culture and environment by following the "leave no trace" policy and avoiding littering. With proper preparation and planning, any base camp trek in Nepal can be a rewarding and unforgettable experience.